About BTC Gambling: Bitcoin Casino Games Online
Crypto gambling is the latest craze in the world of online gambling and has become a popular way to play casino gambling games. Here at Syndicate Casino, we like to separate ourselves from the competition. We ensure that we bring to the table great promotional offers, a wide range of Bitcoin games and a responsive support system. once a new player signs up with us today you automatically qualify for a welcome bonus and the good news is that we also offer other bonus offers like deposit bonuses.
On our site, players can gamble using fiat or cryptocurrencies. This means that players can enjoy bitcoin gambling instead of using real cash. After signing up with us, Odds of winning on a penny slot machine ensure that you frequently visit our site to check out for the latest promotional offers we have to give. Register and play online with us here at syndicate.casino and feel safe, knowing that you are a member of the most trusted bitcoin casino in the World.
How to Select the Best Casino for Bitcoin Gambling
Thanks to the internet, hundreds of online gambling casinos are easily available provided you have an Android device and stable internet connection. Now, it is easy for online gamblers to play their favorite slot machines games. Whether you are on your desktop computer at home or your mobile device at work, you can easily access your favorite casino games. Even better, our online casino supports bitcoin gamble, allowing customers to make quick and easy transactions. Most online gamers are now looking for casinos that offer flexible payment and withdrawal options to facilitate their betting needs.
However, with so many Bitcoin casinos out there, how do players get to select the best one? Finding the perfect online casino can be overwhelming especially if you don’t have a rough idea of what casino you are looking for. This is where we come in, at our online casino, we bring you the best bitcoin games including bitcoin casino slot and bitcoin video slots. We help you save the time of going through different BTC casinos and avoid the feeling of disappointment when you join a casino that doesn’t suit your needs.
A Wide Selection of BTC Games at Syndicate Casino
At our online casino, the selection of Bitcoin gambling games is wide and constantly updating. Our team of developers ensures that they update our portfolio regularly to make sure that all our customers’ needs are met. We have the best crypto casino games including slots, craps, blackjack and our options extend beyond the given choices. In addition to the regular Bitcoin casino games, we also have other games available in live dealer format. These games allow our players to interact with real dealers while playing physical cards online. The most exciting part is that with the Bitcoin live dealer games, players can also interact, chat and gamble with other players from different parts of the World.
Syndicate Casino is the real heaven for bitcoin slot-machine fans. We accept both fiat and cryptocurrencies. Check out our site and try the bitcoin casino with no deposit bonus before playing for real money. With hundreds of titles from well-known software developers like Belatra Games, Endorphina and 2by2 Gaming, every gamer is bound to find their favorite crypto casino games here. Therefore, even the most demanding gamers can find something on our Bitcoin casino that suits their needs. Games are neatly divided into various categories like slots, Bitcoin video poker, Bitcoin casino slots, Bitcoin jackpot games, and live table games.
Play Bitcoin Games and Enjoy Instant Payouts
Syndicate Casino has all the amazing features of a modern Bitcoin casino and a better selection of crypto casino games. This site is a hybrid casino and for that, we accept both fiat and cryptocurrency gambling for players. Our designs conform to the latest industry trends like crypto gambling, Bitcoin casino online украина its functional and very easy for all gamers to navigate. Perhaps the most essential dynamic of the BTC gambling experience is security.
All players expect their information to be secure, instant payments processes and you want to trust the casino you are dealing with. Our casino guarantees players that all their payments will be processed privately and on time. We know that you have worked for Bitcoins and we will not make you hassle for what you have earned online. Gamers can also take part in the crypto gambling tournaments and try to earn your share of the prize pools.
Enjoy Crypto Gambling Bonus Offers and Gambling Fairness
Syndicate Casino provides online gamblers with a wide range of high paying bonuses and other promotional offers. The casino bonuses add excitement to playing the Bitcoin games online. Some of the best bonuses available on our site include a welcome bonus, deposit bonus, free spin, bitcoin casino no deposit bonus and referral bonus. Our bonuses are offered in both fiat and cryptocurrencies depending on the players’ preference. We accept various forms of cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin, Litecoin, BitcoinCash, Ethereum and many more.
Given that this is one of the largest worldwide casino platforms, we work to provide the best bonuses and exciting gameplay to our customers. Play Bitcoin Games at our online casino and stand a chance to win big. When one decides to gamble online, it is important to ensure that one factor remains constant and that is gambling fairness. All Bitcoin casinos need to be provable fair and use random number generators to ensure that the results are not tampered with.
We look forward to seeing you at our online casino, taking advantage of our bonuses and other promotional offers.
Anybody that is familiar with the latest trends knows about cryptocurrency. This unique currency is no longer news. The interesting part is it global increased adoption as a legal currency in the transaction of business. You can now pay for services with bitcoin, ethereum and the rest of them. Online casinos and gambling are not left out of the cryptocurrency wave.
Bitcoin is arguably the biggest cryptocurrency in the world today: the more reason we bring several bitcoin games South Africa to you in our bitcoin online SA. As far as playing with and for bitcoin is concerned, you have nothing to worry about. We’re on top of it.
In addition, BTC is not the only crypto for which we have provisions.
Play South African Games for Bitcoin at Syndicate Casino
Syndicate Casino’s bitcoin online casino SA has loads of ZA bitcoin slots you can choose from. Pokies in our casino are from the best software providers of live and virtual games. Amatic, Belatra, Booming Games and Game Art and Platipus are some of the best brands we feature.
Security is not an issue when it comes to making a deposit in our casino: Safe is the word that best describes our payment arrangement.
We are your first choice casino if and when you desire to play South African games for bitcoins, thanks to the plenty goodies specially packaged for you. These goodies comprise no-deposit bonuses, a welcome pack promotion, private VIP package and free spins plus coins.
Playing bitcoin games South Africa is a total amusement whether you play from a computer or your mobile device.
You can pick your favourite game from ZA bitcoin slots such as Slotomon Go, Blackjack surrender, Lucky Sweets, Scroll of Adventure, Wild Texas, Fantasy Park, Paradise Found, Double Exposure, Deluxe Platinum Lightening, etc.
To set foot on the path to a big win from paying on the slots, sign up in Syndicate casino. You need not download anything. You can play demo slots for free or credit your account to play these unique pokies for maximum profit.
You could as well be the next South African to win BTC from bitcoin games. By the time you have finished reading this, not less than ten people would have won substantial amount.
Play games for bitcoin? Dear NZD live and virtual casino player, you might be wondering: could that be true? Yes, it is and you will see for yourself in our unique New Zealand casino.
Cryptocurrency is one of the newest things in town, maybe not so new again. But it seems they are here to stay as they are fast becoming a popular legal means of transacting business. Gambling and online casinos are also taking their fair share of the new reality.
Bitcoin is perhaps the most popular cryptocurrency today, hence why we have bitcoin games for you in our NZ bitcoin online casino. We’ve got you covered when it comes to playing for and with bitcoin. We also have provisions for other cryptocurrencies, in case you are wondering.
Play Games for Bitcoin and Get Bonuses
Our bitcoin online casino is filled with a lot of bitcoin slots from which you can easily make your choice. We operate with a proper official license and our pokies come from only the best of the best virtual gambling software providers. Endorphina, BGaming, Habanero, MrSlotty, Platipus and Vivogaming to name a few.
You don’t have to worry about safety of deposits made in our casino, our payment system for both cash currency and cryptocurrency is safe. Syndicate Casino is your go-to online casino for Bitcoin New Zealand games because we’ve got so many goodies lined up for you. Think fantastic welcome pack promo, several free spins, and no deposit bonuses.
Playing bitcoin game is an absolute delight from your mobile device or your personal computer.
Among the games you could choose from are Johnny the Octopus, Princess of Sky, Blackjack Surrender, Trey Poker, Scratch Dice, Pontoon, Aztec Magic, Brave Viking, Cherry Fiesta, Poker Carribean, Oasis Poker, Lucky Lady’s Clover, American Roulette and many more.
There’s only one way to find out how awesome the games in the bitcoin online casino are. And this is by actually opting to play game for bitcoin. Sign up now in our casino, fund your account and play popular slots for free or Sugarhouse casino philadelphia parking for a big win when you stake real money.
Online Casino with Bitcoin New Zealand
You might be the next NZ player to win some bitcoins from bitcoin slots. While you are reading this, someone just made 0.000015 BTC and another 0.00005 BTC from the Bitcoin New Zealand casino. You need no download to start on your way to winnings!
New Zealand Bitcoin Gambling Guide- Syndicate Casino
Discover the best online bitcoin casino for all players in New Zealand. Syndicate Casino is the bitcoin casino to cater for all your gambling needs.
What are the benefits of using Bitcoin in a casino?
The first benefit of using bitcoin is the privacy it offers to both the gamblers and the casino. No third party is given your personal or financial information.
Low fees- bitcoin is a decentralized unit, and thus the transaction fees you pay can be very low. You encounter low fees because the transaction does not involve third parties like a bank.
Instant deposits and withdrawals- winners are able to withdraw their winnings instantly without having to wait for days. When you want to deposit money to your Syndicate Casino account, Horus casino no deposit bonus the desired amount is transferred immediately.
Is Online Gambling Legal in New Zealand?
Is playing crypto games for Wellingtons’ gamblers legal? The answer is yes. Gamblers in NZ are participating in playing online bitcoin games, are not breaking any law. While gambling has undergone some period of strict restriction in New Zealand, today, gamblers are allowed to participate in different gambling activities as regulated by the Department of Internal Affairs
The only difference is that here, online gambling is monitored by the Racing Board and the Lotteries Commission. Their role is to monitor and limit casino operations by limiting casino related activities.
Are the games fair?
One of the reasons why gamers fear playing bitcoin slots in Auckland is the fairness of the results. We all know getting results online is prone to be tampered with, and this is why online casinos provide random number generators. The random number generators also have an element of doubt, and that’s where bitcoin gambling in NZ comes in.
In a crypto casino like Syndicate Casino, we have a tool called provably fair system to allow gamblers to verify each result to ensure its fair.
How do I create my Syndicate account?
Are you looking to enjoy your bitcoin in NZ, playing your favourite casino games? Here is how to create an account with the best bitcoin casino:
- Visit our official site and click on the “register” option on our homepage.
- You will be redirected to an online registration form, where you will submit your name, email address and password.
- Visit your email to confirm the email from our casino by clicking on the link.
- Log in to your newly created Syndicate account and make your first deposit to play your favourite casino and bitcoin games.
How does Bitcoin Casino Protect My Privacy?
Online hackers are gaining access to peoples’ accounts who don’t take the initiative in securing their digital currencies. Digital currency theft has become common, but there are ways to protect yourself.
Bitcoin payments ensure security and anonymity by remaining decentralized. The transaction only occurs between two parties and no third party is involved. Therefore, no unauthorized guest can access your funds, and also, the transactions are fast.
Ireland bitcoin games are now available for any interested IE casino player. Whether you play virtual or live pokies, we’ve got you covered.
From the look of things over the past few months, it is safe to say that cryptocurrency (ies) has come to stay. It is hard to see the innovation going away anytime soon. If at all it will only be embraced the more. It’s the future.
An increasing number of countries are adopting the use of cryptocurrency as a legal form of money, by the day. And sure enough, gambling is not left out of the new trend. And because we want the best for you, our special Irish players, we are bringin’ Bitcoin online casino IE.
Bitcoin Slot Machines – What to Play
Why bitcoin? You may ask. Why not bitcoin? We’d answer. BTC is by far the most popular and biggest cryptocurrency. It is to cryptocurrency what dollar is to regular paper currency. And aye, the best place to play Irish games with bitcoin is Syndicate Casino. I’ll tell you why.
Alongside cash, you can deposit bitcoin via our safe payment setup. When you sign up on our casino, you will get the biggest welcome package out there. You will subsequently get plenty no-deposit bonuses, free spins, free coins and a chance to join an exclusive VIP program.
Welcome to gambling heaven where the best IE players play the best bitcoin slot machines. If you desire the big win from popular slots and hot Ireland bitcoin games, we are your best bet. You can also play free versions of the games in demo mode in our casino.
There are hundreds of BTC slot machines to choose from in our casino which is accessible via mobile and PC. Some of the popular pokies in Bitcoin online casino IE are Johnny the Octopus, Baccarat, Scratch Dice, Book of Pyramids, West Town, Roulette European and Princess of the Sky.
If you are in Ireland and you are not playing for or gambling real money (bitcoins) in our fully legal casino, you are missing the opportunity of a lifetime. Even right now, plenty players are winning bonuses and making money from the tons of slots specially designed for you in our casino.
Hurry now and join the winning team. Play Irish games with bitcoins today from the convenience of your room with no download at all needed.
Here at Syndicate Casino, we ensure that we set ourselves apart from other online casinos by providing the best casino games and multiple payment options for all players in Australia. We bring to the table exciting bonus offers, high-quality games and other great promotional offers to keep our customers entertained. bitcoin video slots are becoming quite popular among Aussies who are into online gambling and this is because these slots bring pure entertainment to players and have high rewarding cashouts. The video slots can be found in both traditional and online casinos, but most AUS players prefer playing online because it is fast and convenient
Play Bitcoin games right here at our site and enjoy the simple games with advanced features like high-quality graphics features, entertaining soundtracks, great animations and high paying bonus offers. We have so many video slots with different themes to keep the player glued to the screen. The best part is that you can bet for these games using cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and BTC
A Guide to Play Bitcoin Games online at Syndicate.Casino
Playing of online video slots involves spinning the reels hoping that you will form the winning combination using different symbols on the reels. This means that the player has to make sure that three or more symbols land on the reels from the left to the right. The reason why most Australian players come to our online casino is that there is always something new to try out and we offer them impressive and instant payouts. Another great thing is that our casino has introduced the bitcoin slots apk. This is an application where players can comfortably play their slot games without having to download the game to their mobile phones or other android devices
When playing bitcoin casino slots the player needs to land the symbols on an active pay line that he or she placed his wager on. When playing online slots, you have to select how many pay lines you will cover with a bet. You will note that there are various formats on how players can land the symbols on an active pay line, for example, single pay line, three pay lines or even 9, 20, 40 pay lines. Playing video slots will give you a chance to earn lots of cash because players can bet for either low or high amount per spin. are you looking to enjoy playing Bitcoin video slot at Syndicate Casino? If you answered yes, then sign up with us today!
The Best Online Casino with Great Bonus Offers to Play Bitcoin Games
Bitcoin video slots are completely random and the outcome of the game cannot be tampered with by anyone. Our casino uses the Random Number Generator system to ensure that all the results from all games are fair. When online gambling it is important for players to understand the strategy and skills required to win the game. Look out for online casinos like Syndicate Casino, which offers its players a higher return to player percentage. This percentage gives the player a better chance of winning over the house when playing the online slots
Over the recent years, there has been the introduction of numerous payment options in online casinos. For example, in our casino, we now accept cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and e-wallet payments like PayPal. This has been greatly influenced by the introduction of new currencies and the benefits they bring when used in enjoying online gambling. Bitcoin gambling makes transactions more efficient, fast and safe to all users across Australia. The best thing is that players enjoy a reduction in transaction fees when they decide to use cryptocurrencies. If you place a bet using Bitcoin or BTC, you are sure to receive your earnings in the same form. At our casino, we allow players to convert their BTC to real money for other types of betting or withdrawal purposes
Mobile CryptoCurrency Gambling in Bitcoin Casino Australia Syndicate
Mobile and internet technology have been fully accepted in online casinos to keep up with the evolution. Gamers no longer use desktops to connect to the internet to access their favourite bitcoin casino slots. In fact, most people use their mobile phones and tablets to place their bets online. This is why here at our casino, we have worked hard to ensure that all our games are HTML5 and Flash-based for players to easily access them at any time or place. We have mobile-optimized our casino interface and added more bitcoin video slots for play. Now gamblers can access all our gambling games with ease as long as they have a smartphone device and stable internet connection
Gamble online using bitcoin slots apk and get access to the best and latest slot machine games available. Syndicate Casino assures all its customers that your payment is private and will be released instantly into your casino account. We look forward to seeing you at our online casino and take advantage of our exciting portfolio of games as well as great bonus offers. Sign up today and join play Bitcoin games
Bitcoin Casino Games for Players Gambling in Australia
We have good news for Melbournes’ crypto gamblers and everyone else gambling in Australia. Syndicate Casino is a crypto casino offering the best and latest bitcoin games to online gamblers. The best part is you get to enjoy great bonus offers and cash prizes. Play game and earn bitcoin at our online casino today!
From which devices can I play bitcoin slots?
Since the growth of Bitcoin casino where online gamblers can play popular bitcoin slot or table games, the offer of games at Syndicate Casino is expanded on a regular basis. According to research, the revenue from mobile gaming traffic is growing each day. This is the main reason why most online casinos have made their site compatible with mobile devices for bitcoin gambling online from Brisbane.
Most online bitcoin casinos are compatible with Android-run devices. To access the Bitcoin games at an online bitcoin casino, you need to install flash on your phone to access the HTML5 supported games on your mobile devices.
How to Open a Bitcoin Betting Account?
Below is a step-by-step guide on how to open a bitcoin betting account:
- Getting the wallet address- on your electrum wallet, click on the option” receive,” and a bitcoin wallet address will be presented to you. This address will be used to receive payments.
- Exchanging bitcoin- the next step involves an online exchange where you change your local currency to bitcoins.
- Deposit and withdraw bitcoin-sign up at Syndicate Casino by just offering your email address. Then copy the account address into the bitcoin wallet and click the option “transfer.”
- There you have it, a bitcoin betting account, and you can now start placing bets!
What benefits will I have if I choose Syndicate?
Here is why you should sign up with us today:
- Wide variety of bitcoin games- here, you will enjoy a wide range of bitcoin casino games from poker, roulette, blackjack to jackpots offers. This means that there are games for everyone.
- Privacy- everyone wants their details secure and private. At our casino, you just have to provide the address of your cryptocurrency wallet, and you are good to go.
- Fast processing speeds- deposits and withdrawal times are reduced greatly at Syndicate casino. They may even be instant in some cases, and its because there are no middlemen involved to slow down the transactions.
How Many Types Of Bitcoin Games Syndicate have?
Syndicate Casino has divided bitcoin games into several categories like slots, jackpot games, Roulette, Poker, Blackjack, video slots BTC, and Live dealer games. You will find bitcoin games with additional bonus features and progressive jackpots.
Is it safe to use Bitcoin at an online casino Syndicate?
Yes, it is safe to use bitcoin at Syndicate Casino. They are safe because they cannot be counterfeited. The other reason is the speed at which you can access your winnings, unlike in traditional currency where it can take up to a week to withdraw your great prizes.
Bitcoin Games Canada for Free and Real Cash
In Syndicate Casino Canada, we have the best Bitcoin Games by world-class gaming software that you know very well. If you want to play the most popular online games with bitcoin deposit, then our choice of slots, table games, pokies and live casino games will definitely surprise you. Enjoy playing and Tips for slot machines in casino earning real cryptocurrency on our website. Sign up today and get access to the biggest choice of slots and card games with nice rewards.
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Play in virtual casino from where you are. It’s totally free unless you have come to win cryptocurrency. Here you will find more Bitcoin Games Online with a low house edge that you can play with a welcome bonus. Since BTC casinos are not so popular yet, you can play the most popular games and win more money. There are not many players to share wins with. So, gamble and get the biggest prizes in Syndicate Casino. Our bitcoin games are especially convenient for those players who like to gamble and use bitcoin currency for shopping online. Join us, invest in gambling online and get great rewards every day!
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A wide choice of online games will keep you excited for hours. Roulette, Blackjack, and Video Poker are only a few of the instant play BTC table games that you can play in our crypto casino. If you are a fan of classic table and card games but prefer to deposit with digital money, then you will find a lot of thrilling table games with high payouts.
If you don’t like to remember cards, apply your math skills and keep numbers in your head but prefer more nice visual effects and multipliers, then you will find fantastic Bitcoin Slots by popular vendors. Our great slots will reward you with free spins, multipliers, bonus games and big jackpots. Each slot offers you to experience a unique theme, enjoy nice graphics, action and get to a big win.
Play to win cryptocurrency online and take your great cash prize instantly. Actually, you will be able to play with a big bonus since our newly registered customers get welcome bonuses with free coins and free spins. So, if you want to play Popular Bitcoin Games with no deposit, then join us today and enjoy the widest choice of wonderful online games of fun cartoon and movie themes.
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If you are looking for a reliable crypto casino that would guarantee a big choice of bitcoin games, free spins, bonuses and real cash prizes, then Syndicate Ca Casino will become the best place for you. We deliver fun and joy to your home by bringing you all imaginable slots and table games with no download required. Play instantly, make deposit payments and enjoy fast withdrawals in a preferred currency.
The more bitcoin slots and table games you play, the biggest rewards you will get. Improve your casino status by staying dedicated to our casino and we will reward you with free spins and free chips so you can play all your favorite slots and card games with no restrictions. We have been granted a license and we are the best at providing a gambling service for your desktop or mobile device 24/7.
Bitcoin Games & Bitcoin Gambling in Canada
Do you live in Canada and want to try bitcoin gambling? If you answered yes, then you are in the right place. We have a lot of gamblers who enjoy BTC gambling in Montreal and other parts of Canada. This is because we are the best online bitcoin casino offering the best online casino games for everyone.
Is the Casino Provably Fair?
Yes, Syndicate casino is provably fair. Provably fair technology is a system based on the fact that Bitcoin uses a cryptographic algorithm, which is so hard to decode. This technology is unique to bitcoin gambling and adds to the transparency of bitcoin casinos by verifying each bet. Crypto casino is taking over the gambling industry.
What is a cryptocurrency?
A cryptocurrency is a new form of digital money that is transferred from one person to another electronically. The currency runs on a network of computers that verifies each transaction, unlike in other currencies.
Cryptocurrencies like bitcoin operate on blockchain technology, meaning there is always a list that records after every transaction. The reason why online gamblers love to gamble at Syndicate Casino is that they can enjoy bitcoin gambling from any part of the world.
Which Bitcoin Wallet Should I Use?
Which bitcoin wallet should I use? Is it a common question, especially for beginners who are using the crypto casino for the first time?. Online players save a lot every time they use bitcoin to make a deposit at any online bitcoin casino. Therefore, which bitcoin wallet should players use at our online casino?
The best and most advised bitcoin wallet for gamblers is the cold wallets. These wallets keep bitcoin and another form of cryptocurrency stored online in cold storage. The cold wallets are not susceptible to hacking assuring safety and security to online players.
Can I play for free?
Yes, at Syndicate Casino, online players can play for free. We don’t just let our players play their favorite slot games, video slots, Top bitcoin casino sites games BTC, table games, poker, roulette, blackjack, and jackpot with BTC, we let you play your way using the demo modes.
If you want to play bitcoin games for free, you can always try them in free play mode. We allow players to try out the games before playing with their real money. Play game, earn bitcoin here at Syndicate Casino and enjoy safe gaming.
Are Bitcoin Casinos Legal?
Are you looking for a bitcoin casino in Vancouver and wondering whether it is legal to bet in those casinos? Yes, it is legal. Bitcoin casinos have been accepted in most states except the USA and UK, where restrictions are applied. Other than that, casino registered outside these regions accept online bitcoin gambling and are legal.
How does Bitcoin Gambling Work?
Are you looking for something new? We hear from you! For Calgarys’ gamblers, you can enjoy casino wins and great prizes from playing at Syndicate Casino. However, how does bitcoin-gambling work?
As with any other online business, the software is the key. Most popular online crypto casino like ours, run their own gaming software. The software is in charge of conducting and running the game with minimal human intervention. For casino games like table games, the software even acts as the dealer. The software also produces algorithms to show their players that their services are transparent.
Sign up with Syndicate Casino CA today, have fun playing online bitcoin games, and enjoy the bonuses and casino rewards.
A Dramatic Before-and-After Look at China’s First Aircraft Carrier
A rare photo shows the neglected aircraft carrier before it became Liaoning in 2012.
- The ship was originally the Soviet aircraft carrier named Riga.
- Never completed, Riga languished in a Ukrainian shipyard until bought by a Chinese businessman in 1998.
- The Chinese Navy eventually received the unfinished ship and transformed it into the Liaoning.
A picture of China’s first aircraft carrier before it was eventually completed has surfaced on the Chinese internet. The images showed up on Tencent’s microblog and show a rusty, unfinished hulk. The ship, built for the USSR but never completed, was towed to China where it eventually became the carrier Liaoning. The article also lists the technical challenges naval engineers faced, particularly with the ship’s unfinished—and largely absent—propulsion systems.
In the early 1980s, the Soviet Union began construction on a new generation of aircraft carriers designed to match U.S. carriers. Two Admiral Kuznetsov-class carriers were ordered, the first, Kuznetsov itself, was completed and served with the Soviet Navy, and was later transferred to the Russian Navy where it serves to this day (despite many issues). The other ship, Riga, was only 68 percent completed when the USSR was dissolved in 1991.
The ship languished for years, until a Chinese businessman bought it in 1998 with the stated intention of turning it into a floating casino—though with the actual intention of delivering it to the People’s Liberation Army Navy. The PLAN studied the design of the ship, and then refurbished it to operational status. The ship was launched in 2012 as Liaoning, China’s first ever aircraft carrier.
The article on Tencent describes the problems propulsion engineers had with the unfinished ship. In March 2004 Chen Ming, the director of the Boiler Research Office, was sent to inspect Riga’s rusty hulk. “Chen Ming found that except for the main boiler of the military ship, the combustion system, control system, auxiliary machinery accessories, valves and meters were all missing.”
Riga was built to use supercharged boilers, but China had no prior experience with them. Engineers had to fabricate a new propulsion system and test it on land. By 2011 the new propulsion system had been installed on the ship, and it departed for sea trials.
Another picture of the carrier’s rear starboard quarter shows an unpainted steel hull with long streaks of rust, a legacy of the ship remaining ignored and unfinished in Ukraine for the better part of a decade. Liaoning’s refurbishment was a considerable technological feat, though we may never know the full details of its complete makeover.